According to the road transport and highways ministry, half a million accidents are reported in India every year, in which 150,000 people lose their lives.
A long awaited Motor Vehicles Amendment Act 2019 that introduces several amendments in the 30-year-old law has been passed by the Lok Sabha on 23rd July 2019 and Rajya Sabha on 31st July 2019. President Ram Nath Kovind on 9th Aug 2019 gave assent to the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019, that aims to make Indian roads safer, reduce corruption and use technology to overhaul the country's transportation system.
The amendments mainly focus on issues relating to improving road safety, citizens' facilitation while dealing with the transport department, strengthening rural transport, last-mile connectivity and public transport, automation and computerization and enabling online services. The Bill was introduced in Parliament by the road transport and highway ministry in 2016, after which it was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2017. However, it failed to gather support in the Rajya Sabha.
List of increased penalties under Motor Vehicle Amendment Act 2019
The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) notified, the provisions of Motor Vehicles Amendment Act, 2019, for enhanced penalties (including Speeding, drink driving, helmet, SB), came into effect from September 1, 2019.