Oats are a species of coarse cereal grain commonly consumed for breakfast as oatmeal (porridge). Now a days oats have become quite popular among the urban population due to its health benefits. Thus oats products have found its place in the urban kitchens. Oats are steamed, flattened, and sliced in different ways, producing the several types of oats available.
There are various types of oats. The important types of oats are followings:
Rolled oats: This is the most common variety of oat. Rolled oats are whole oats which have been toasted, hulled, steamed and then rolled. These oats absorb a lot of liquid, cooked fairly quickly and will hold their shape well when cooked.
Quick oats: These are processed even further, simply rolled into even thinner flakes to ensure they cook faster. Quick oats, or “quick-cooking” oats, have been cut, steamed and rolled into thinner flakes, making them quicker to cook than rolled oats.
Instant oats: These are the most heavily processed. These are the oats you usually find in single-serving oatmeal packets, often with added flavoring, that you can microwave with water for a quick breakfast. They have been pre-cooked, then dried, cut and rolled for instant preparation. Instant oats are a fast and convenient way to get a healthy helping of oats.
Oats are important for our daily diet because:
- They are enriched with a plethora of vitamins and minerals
- They are rich source of beta-glucan fiber, which helps in proper function of bowel system
- They help in reducing bad cholesterol level
- They help in reducing blood sugar levels
- They keep you satiated for a long duration and is very filling
- Oats make for a great natural face scrubber, this removes pollutants easily.
Fibre is an important part of a healthy balanced diet. It can help prevent heart disease, diabetes, weight gain and some cancers, and can also improve digestive health. Dietary fiber promotes the movement of material through your digestive system and increases stool bulk, so it can be of benefit to those who struggle with constipation or irregular stools. Consuming more than the recommended 38 grams in a day can be unpleasant for you.
Popular brands are Kellogg’s, Quaker, Baggry’s, Kosh, Patanjali, Eco valley, Saffola, Reliance etc.
The test programme for comparative testing of Rolled Oats is mainly based on Indian standard IS: 1484-1974 reaffirmed in 2015 and FSS regulation for rolled oats, which covers the product requirements and methods of test.
Detailed test findings on various parameters including dietary fibre are available in July 2019 issue of “Consumer VOICE” magazine.