What are E-Cigarettes?
Electronic cigarette (E-cigarette, e-cig) is a battery-powered vaporizer which simulates the feeling of smoking, but without burning tobacco. Using an e-cigarette is called vapour smoke or vaping. The user puffs on the mouthpiece of a cartridge. This causes a vaporizer to heat the liquid inside the cartridge. This liquid contains nicotine, flavorings, and other chemicals. The heated liquid turns into the vapor (aerosol) that is inhaled. These e-cigarettes are also called electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS).
Types of E-Cigarettes
There are different types of e-cigarettes available. The primary types are disposable and reusable e-cigarettes. Disposable e-cigarettes look like traditional cigarettes, and contain liquid, battery and heating device. Reusable e-cigarettes also consist of similar elements, except that the battery is rechargeable and liquid can be refilled.
Most e-cigarette consumers use re-usable e-cigarettes. They buy the device (usually costing anywhere between Rs. 1500 to 10,000) and purchase the liquid separately on a regular basis.
Health Hazards of E Cigarettes
The flavors in e-cigarettes are one of the main reasons youth uses them, e-cigarette aerosol is not safe and that e-cigarette use is strongly associated with the use of other tobacco products among youth and young adults.
Youngsters are being lured towards e-cigarettes by projecting them to be a “healthier” alternative to traditional cigarettes but this is not true. Though e-cigarettes don’t contain tobacco they are still harmful as people still get addicted to nicotine present in e-cigarettes which has harmful consequences in the long term. Nicotine is well known to have serious systemic side effects in addition to being highly addictive. It adversely affects the heart, reproductive system, lung, kidney etc. Many studies have consistently demonstrated its carcinogenic potential. According to some studies the use of e-cigarettes may cause DNA mutation, cancer, heart disease and asthma.
Consumer Voice along with its state partners has submitted a memorandum to the respective Chief Ministers, Health Minsters and Health Secretary.
On 14th June,2018 the Health Minister of Tamil Nadu Mr. C Vijaya Baskar announced in the legislative assembly that the state government is going to completely ban e-cigarette in Tamil Nadu keeping in mind their impact on the health of citizens. In India e-cigarette is currently banned in 8 states which are Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Punjab, Maharashtra, Bihar, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh and Kerala.
Our state partners have written to important stakeholders in the states of Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Tripura, Maharashtra etc for banning e-cigarettes and media supported the initiative.